Jaundice is a yellow pigmentation of the eyes and skin, which occurs when there is a build up of bilirubin (a constituent of bile) in the blood stream. If this is caused by a blockage to the outflow of bile from the liver (obstructive jaundice) then this may be associated with itching of the skin as well as very dark urine and pale faeces.

Jaundice may also be caused by inflammation or infection of the liver (hepatitis) as well as by cirrhosis, excessive breakdown of red blood cells (haemolysis) and a large number of other complex metabolic conditions.

Jaundice is always a serious condition requiring assessment by a liver specialist.